Where did the First Fleet disembark in 1788?

Where did the First Fleet disembark in 1788?

Botany Bay
The First Fleet left from Portsmouth in England on 13 May 1787, and arrived in Botany Bay between 18 and 20 January 1788. There were more than 1,500 people aboard, roughly half of them convicts. The others included the convicts’ military guards, some families of convicts and some civilian government employees.

When did the 1st Fleet arrived in Australia?

May 13, 1787 CE
On May 13, 1787, the “First Fleet” of military leaders, sailors, and convicts set sail from Portsmouth, England, to found the first European colony in Australia, Botany Bay.

Why was the First Fleet so bad?

It had poor soil, insufficient freshwater supplies, and was exposed to strong southerly and easterly winds. With all the cargo and 1,400 starving convicts still anchored in Botany Bay, Phillip and a small party, including Hunter, quickly set off in three boats to find an alternative place to settle.

What was the journey like on the First Fleet?

The Journey The weather was hot, humid and uncomfortable as the Fleet sailed through the tropics. Below the decks, rats, parasites bedbugs, lice, cockroaches and fleas made life very unsanitary and unbearable. After eight weeks, the First Fleet arrived at Rio de Janeiro on the South American coast on 7th August 1787.

How many convicts died on the First Fleet?

43 convicts
The ships departed with an estimated 775 convicts (582 men and 193 women), as well as officers, marines, their wives and children, and provisions and agricultural implements. After 43 convicts had died during the eight-month trip, 732 landed at Sydney Cove.

How long was the First Fleet journey?

between 250 and 252 days
The First Fleet voyage took between 250 and 252 days to complete, with 68 of these days spent anchored in ports en route.

How many died on the First Fleet?

The eleven ships which arrived on 26 January 1788 are known as the First Fleet. They carried around 1400 convicts, soldiers and free people. The journey from England to Australia took 252 days and there were around 48 deaths on the voyage.

Who was the captain of the First Fleet?

It was announced in the British Parliament on 23 January 1787, that Lord Sydney agreed to send convicts to the new colony of New South Wales. A fleet of eleven ships transporting over 1400 people (780 convicts), left Portsmouth on 13 May 1787 under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip.

Where did the first fleet sail from England?

First Fleet. From England, the Fleet sailed southwest to Rio de Janeiro, then east to Cape Town and via the Great Southern Ocean to Botany Bay, arriving over the period of 18 to 20 January 1788, taking 250 to 252 days from departure to final arrival.

How big was the First Fleet in 1788?

A large, flat chart measuring 56cm wide x 81cm high printed on parchment type paper, this is one of a kind.

When did the First Fleet arrive in Port Jackson?

The First Fleet arrives in Port Jackson, 27 January 1788, by William Bradley, an officer on HMS Sirius. An engraving of the First Fleet in Botany Bay at voyage’s end in 1788, from The Voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay. Sirius is in the foreground; convict transports such as Prince of Wales are depicted to the left.