How many wetlands are in India?

How many wetlands are in India?

India currently has 46 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites). This is the highest in South Asia.

Which is the 42 Ramsar sites in India?

Rudrasagar Lake – Tripura

S. No. Name of the Ramsar Site Location
40 Sur Sarovar Agra, Uttar Pradesh
41 Lonar Lake Buldhana, Maharashtra
42 Tso Kar Leh, Ladakh
43 Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary Haryana

Which is the largest wetland in India?

Which is the largest Ramsar Site in India? Chilika Lake is the largest Ramsar Site of India with a surface area of 1,16,500 hectares.

Where are wetlands in India?

Ramsar sites (Wetlands) in India: State-wise compilation

Sl. No. Wetland Name State
1 Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh
2 Deepor Beel Assam
3 Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat
4 Chandertal Wetland Himachal Pradesh

Which country has highest number of Ramsar sites?

The countries with the most Sites are the United Kingdom with 175 and Mexico with 142. Bolivia has the largest area with 148,000 square km under the Convention protection; Canada, Chad, Congo and the Russian Federation have also each designated over 100,000 square km.

Is Sundarbans a Ramsar site?

Spread across India and Bangladesh over 1 million ha area, Sunderban is the world’s largest single contiguous mangrove swamp. The Indian part received its formal designation yesterday thus bringing the entire swamp under the ambit of Ramsar wise use framework.

Is Pangong Tso a Ramsar site?

Pangong Tso or Pangong Lake is an endorheic lake in the Himalayas situated at a height of about 4,350 m. The lake is in the process of being identified under the Ramsar Convention as a wetland of international importance.

Which is the smallest Ramsar site in world?

World’s smallest Ramsar site among Korea’s new designations The paperwork has been completed for three small but extremely interesting Wetlands of International Importance that were announced by the Republic of Korea at Ramsar COP10 in Changwon, October-November 2008.

Which is the largest Ramsar site in India?

The Sundarbans
The Sundarbans is one of the largest Ramsar site in India.

Which is the first Ramsar site in India?

Chilika Lake
In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

Which is the 27th Ramsar site in India?

the Indian Sundarban
Located on the southwestern part of the delta, the Indian Sundarban constitutes over 60% of the country’s total mangrove forest area. It is the 27th Ramsar Site in India, and with an area of 4,23,000 hectares is now the largest protected wetland in the country.

How big is the wetland area in India?

Wetlands in India occupy 4.6% of the geographical area covering an area of 15.26 million hectares. Wetlands are transitional areas between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems where the water table is generally at or near to the surface, or the land is covered under shallow water.

Which is the most threatened ecosystem in India?

According to WWF-India, wetlands are one of the most threatened of all ecosystems in India. Loss of vegetation, salinization, excessive inundation, water pollution, invasive species, excessive development and road building, have all damaged the country’s wetlands. The Sunderban Reserve Forest, spread over 4,260 sq. km.

Which is the largest inland salt lake in India?

The Sambhar Salt Lake, India’s largest inland salt lake. Sambhar has been designated as a Ramsar site (recognized wetland of international importance) because the wetland is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos and other birds that migrate from northern Asia.

What kind of diversity are found in wetlands?

Wetlands exhibit enormous diversity according to their genesis, geographical location, water regime and chemistry, dominant species, and soil and sediment characteristics ( Space Applications Centre, 2011 ).