When were the hunger strikes in Northern Ireland?

When were the hunger strikes in Northern Ireland?

The 1981 hunger strike was the culmination of a five-year protest during The Troubles by Irish republican prisoners in Northern Ireland.

Who were the 10 hunger strikers?

Hunger strikes

  • Michael Devine.
  • Kieran Doherty.
  • Francis Hughes.
  • Martin Hurson.
  • Kevin Lynch.
  • Raymond McCreesh.
  • Joe McDonnell.
  • Thomas McElwee.

Why did Bobby Sands go on a hunger strike?

Sands was arrested while trying to escape and sentenced to 14 years for firearms possession. He was the leader of the 1981 hunger strike in which Irish republican prisoners protested against the removal of Special Category Status.

When was the Irish hunger strike?

October 27, 1980 – October 3, 1981
1981 Irish hunger strike/Periods

What did the IRA want?

The Irish Republican Army (IRA; Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann), also known as the Provisional Irish Republican Army, and informally as the Provos, was an Irish republican paramilitary organisation that sought to end British rule in Northern Ireland, facilitate Irish reunification and bring about an independent, socialist …

What is the longest hunger strike recorded?

She ended the fast on 9 August 2016, after 16 long years of fasting. Having refused food and water for more than 500 weeks (she was nasally force fed in jail), she has been called “the world’s longest hunger striker”.

How long was the longest hunger strike?

Is hunger strike legal in USA?

As was recently argued in the U.S. district court, ICE detainees have a First Amendment right to speech, protest (i.e. go on hunger strike), and privacy and force-feeding violates these rights. However, courts have grappled with the extent of these rights.

What happens if a prisoner goes on hunger strike?

In cases where an entity (usually the state) has or is able to obtain custody of the hunger striker (such as a prisoner), the hunger strike is often terminated by the custodial entity through the use of force-feeding.

Is a hunger strike illegal?

Article 8 of the 1975 World Medical Association Declaration of Tokyo states that doctors are not allowed to force-feed hunger strikers. Among many changes, it unambiguously states that force feeding is a form of inhumane and degrading treatment in its Article 21.

Can you drink water on a hunger strike?

Can I drink water during a hunger strike? Yes, please drink water! You can become dehydrated more easily when you aren’t eating, so make sure to drink plenty of water. It is called a fast when you go days without eating to lose weight (and is not an effective means of doing so).

Who was killed during the first hunger strike in Ireland?

The Sunday before Sands began his strike, 3,500 people marched through west Belfast. During the first hunger strike four months earlier the marchers had numbered 10,000. Five days into the strike, Independent Republican MP for Fermanagh and South Tyrone Frank Maguire died, resulting in a by-election.

Who was the British prime minister during the 1981 hunger strike?

The second hunger strike took place in 1981 and was a showdown between the prisoners and the British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher. One hunger striker, Bobby Sands, was elected as a member of parliament during the strike, prompting media interest from around the world.

Who was involved in the second hunger strike?

Believing the British were on the brink of conceding, IRA inmates organised a second hunger strike in March 1981. The instigator this time was Bobby Sands, a 27-year-old from County Antrim. Sands was thoughtful, intelligent and literate, a noted writer of Republican essays and songs.

When did the H Block and hunger strikes start?

H Block and hunger strikes. One notable action of the Provisional IRA’s ‘Long War’ was a series of protests and hunger strikes in British prisons. These protests were triggered by the British government’s removal of Special Category Status (SCS) for paramilitary prisoners in January 1976.