What is the difference between Sufi saints and bhakti saints?
While the Bhakti movement was largely followed by the Hindus, Sufism influenced the Muslims. While the saints of the Bhakti Movement sang bhajans to worship Gods and Goddesses, Sufi saints sang Qawwalis- a form of music to inspire religious devotion and instruction.
What is Bhakti and Sufi?
The Sufis were mystics. who emphasised on an egalitariar society based on universal love. The Bhakti saints transformed Hinduism by introducing bhakti as the means to attain God. They considered all human beings as equal irrespective of caste, creed or religion.
Is Sufism Bhakti a movement?
The Sufi movement came to India two centuries before the Bhakti movement and spread among the Muslims. The Chishtiya Sufi order was established in India by Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti in the 12th century.
What is the importance of Bhakti and Sufism?
The interaction between early Bhakti and Sufi ideas laid the foundation for more liberal movements of the fifteenth century. Sant Kabir and Guru Nanak had preached a non-sectarian religion based on universal love.
What are the Bhakti and Sufi movements?
The two movements brought a new form of religious expression amongst Muslims and Hindus. The Sufis were mystics who called for liberalism in Islam. They emphasised on an egalitarian society based on universal love. The Bhakti saints transformed Hinduism by introducing devotion or bhakti as the means to attain God.
How did Sufis spread their ideas?
Answer: The Nayanars were the worshippers of Lord Shiva; they spread the doctrine of bhakti among people, irrespective of their caste. They were against elaborate rituals and travelled all round the country, singing, dancing and advocating bhakti.
What message was given by the bhakti and Sufi saints?
The movement tried to reduce the growing bitterness between the two and bridge the gap. The saints of Bhakti movement and the Sufi saints spread message of friendship, amity, tolerance, peace and equality among all. The method of worship and belief in God took a new turn during the movement.
What are the similarities between the idea of Bhakti and Islam Sufism?
Both Sufi and Bhakti movements emphasised on the feeling of universal brotherhood and religious tolerance. As a result, an environment of mutual love and respect was created among different sections of society. The Bhakti and Sufi saints preached their teachings in the local language.
What are the main features of Sufism?
The salient features of the Sufism are discussed below:
- Sufism derives its principle from Islam.
- Sufism believes that- ‘God is the beloved of the lover (Mashook)’ i.e. the devotee and the devotee is eager to meet his beloved (God).
- Sufism believes that love and devotion are only means of reaching God.
Who is the first Sufi?
According to the late medieval mystic Jami, Abd-Allah ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah (died c. 716) was the first person to be called a “Sufi”.
What’s the difference between Bhakti and Sufism?
Sufism may be best described as a practice of asceticism, which through belief and practice helps believers attain nearness to God. The Bhakti and Sufi Movements of Medieval India played a crucial role in creating a composite culture whose legacy can be seen to this day. It is one of the most commonly asked questions in the UPSC History segment.
What was the role of Bhakti and Sufi movements in medieval India?
The Bhakti and Sufi Movements of Medieval India played a crucial role in creating a composite culture whose legacy can be seen to this day. It is one of the most commonly asked questions in the UPSC History segment.
How did Sufis differ from the orthodox Muslims?
Their difference with orthodox Muslims lay in the fact that while the latter interpreted the Quran and Hadith in a literal way, the Sufis gave a mystic interpretation to them. Sufism flourished in Persia where from the Sufi saints had fled to Kabul due to Safavi persecution.
Where did the Sufis in medieval India come from?
He drew his followers from among both Hindus and Muslims. The word Sufi means wool. The preachers from Arabia wore wool to protect themselves from dust winds. The Sufi movement is believed to have begun in Persian countries against the highly puritan Islamic culture.