What is reciprocal zugzwang?

What is reciprocal zugzwang?

Mutual zugzwang or reciprocal zugzwang refers to those special kind of situations where whichever side it is to move finds itself in a disadvantageous position. The idea continues to thrive since ages as one of the primary curiosities in endgame composition.

What does Zwischenzug mean in chess?

in-between move
Zwischenzug is a German word that means “in-between move.” Such moves are common in chess, but many times they can be quite unexpected! Other terms which mean the same thing in chess literature are intermezzo, intermediate move, and in-between move.

What are the terminologies used in playing chess?

Chess Terminology

Term Definition
Check A move which attacks the opposing King.
Checkmate A move which attacks the opposing King, and which the opponent cannot get out of.
Chessboard See Board
Defence An opening played by Black, or a series of moves taken to protect a piece or position which is under attack.

What does forced mean in chess?

What Is A Forced Move In Chess? A forced move is one that a player must make to respond to a threat posed by an opponent. If a player’s king is in check, for instance, that player must make a move that gets their king out of check.

What is Alekhine’s Gun in chess?

Alekhine’s gun is a well-known piece configuration that is created when a player places their heavy pieces on the same file, thereby creating a battery—specifically by placing the queen behind both rooks. White has created Alekhine’s gun on the d-file.

What is it called when you can’t win in chess?

Stalemate is a situation in the game of chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move. In losing chess, another chess variant, it is typically treated as a win for the stalemated player.

What is a bad move in chess called?

Blunder: A bad move; primarily a move that turns a win into a loss or draw, or a draw into a loss. Bughouse: A variant of chess with two players on each side – a player gets the pieces his partner captures.

What is the first move in chess called?

An opening is simply the first several moves made in a chess game. Most likely, they’ll follow one of hundreds of classic sequences (or one of the hundreds of variations on those sequences). More broadly, though, an opening refers to the first phase of a chess game, as distinguished from the middlegame and endgame.

What is king safety in chess?

A king is safe if its castled and its surrounding pawns have not moved. There are times one can learn when to move the pawn in front of the king. h3 and h6 are popular pawn moves. A king is not safe if stranded in middle of board and opponent can work up an attack on open files and diagonals aimed at the king.

What’s it called when you make a move in chess?

Zugzwang (German for “compulsion to move”, pronounced [ˈtsuːktsvaŋ]) is a situation found in chess and other turn-based games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because of his obligation to make a move; a player is said to be “in zugzwang” when any possible move will worsen their position. …

What does the word zugzwang mean in chess?

1. What is Zugzwang in chess? Zugzwang is a German word which basically means, “It is your turn to move, and all of your moves are bad!” There is no “pass” or “skip a move” in chess, so sometimes having to move can lose the game! Will you be the winner or the loser in the “zugzwang battle”?

When does a zugzwang lead to a bad position?

Sometimes, however, having to move can get you in a lot of trouble—zugzwang! A zugzwang, by definition, leads a player to a worse position than the one they are currently in. In these positions, if the player makes any move, they usually will lose material.

Is the word zugzwang the same as zwischenzug?

Not to be confused with Zwischenzug, which is interpolating a move not normally expected.

How is mutual zugzwang related to game theory?

A position of mutual zugzwang is closely related to a game with a Conway value of zero in game theory. In a position with reciprocal zugzwang, only the player to move is actually in zugzwang. However, the player who is not in zugzwang must play carefully because one inaccurate move can cause him to be put in zugzwang.