What is climate change adaptation in agriculture?

What is climate change adaptation in agriculture?

Climate change adaptation for agricultural cropping systems requires a higher resilience against both excess of water (due to high intensity rainfall) and lack of water (due to extended drought periods). Soil organic matter also improves the water absorption capacity of the soil for during extended drought.

How does agriculture negatively affect climate change?

Agriculture contributes a significant share of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that are causing climate change – 17% directly through agricultural activities and an additional 7-14% through changes in land use. Both of these gases have a significantly higher global warming potential than carbon dioxide.

What is Ccfas?

CCAFS is a collaboration among all 15 CGIAR research centers that brings together some of the world’s best researchers in agricultural science, climate science, environmental and social sciences to identify and address the most important interactions, synergies and trade-offs between climate change and agriculture.

How we can reduce climate change in agriculture?

Reducing tillage, expanding crop rotations, planting cover crops and reintegrating livestock into crop production systems have proven to reduce agriculture’s own footprint as well as capture the excess carbon generated by other industries.

Is agriculture the biggest contributor to climate change?

Globally, carbon dioxide emissions are the largest contributor to climate change. U.S. agriculture emitted an estimated 698 million metric tons of carbon-dioxide equivalent in 2018: 12.3 percent as carbon dioxide, 36.2 percent as methane, and 51.4 percent as nitrous oxide.

How farmers are affected by climate change?

Continued changes in the frequency and intensity of precipitation, heat waves, and other extreme events are likely, all which will impact agricultural production. Furthermore, compounded climate factors can decrease plant productivity, resulting in price increases for many important agricultural crops.

What is the meaning of climate smart agriculture?

Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an integrated approach to managing landscapes—cropland, livestock, forests and fisheries–that address the interlinked challenges of food security and climate change. Overview. A growing global population and changing diets are driving up the demand for food.

What are the role of global agriculture research system in promoting food security?

Investments in CGIAR research should increase to facilitate its mission of promoting sustainable and efficient agriculture for food security, poverty alleviation and environmental protection. Investments and changes are also needed concurrently in relevant institutions at the regional, international and global levels.