What is a thiazide diuretic?
What are Thiazide diuretics? Thiazide diuretics are a type of diuretic (a drug that increases urine flow). They act directly on the kidneys and promote diuresis (urine flow) by inhibiting the sodium/chloride cotransporter located in the distal convoluted tubule of a nephron (the functional unit of a kidney).
What is the classification of thiazide diuretics?
The thiazides and potassium-sparing diuretics are considered to be calcium-sparing diuretics. The thiazides cause a net decrease in calcium lost in urine.
Which of the following is thiazide diuretics?
Thiazide diuretic examples There are a number of thiazide diuretics – they include bendroflumethiazide, chlortalidone, cyclopenthiazide, indapamide and xipamide. Each comes in a different brand name.
What is another name for thiazide?
Examples of thiazide diuretics include chlorthalidone (Thalitone), hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide), and methyclothiazide.
What is a common side effect of diuretics?
Side effects Diuretics are generally safe. Side effects include increased urination and sodium loss. Diuretics can also affect blood potassium levels. If you take a thiazide diuretic, your potassium level can drop too low (hypokalemia), which can cause life-threatening problems with your heartbeat.
What is diuretic has the least side effects?
Although diuretics have the least side effects of blood pressure medications, they are not without side effects. If you take a diuretic, you may experience a decrease in your body’s supply of potassium, weakness, leg cramps, problems with impotence and tiredness. Because diuretics increase the body’s sugar level they are not advised for diabetics.
What is the most common diuretic?
The two most commonly prescribed diuretics in the United States are Furosemide ( lasix) and hydrochlorothiazide. Generally speaking, hydrochlorothiazide is used more for blood pressure control and Lasix (furosemide) is used more for treatment of congestive heart failure.
Why might my doctor prescribe hydrochlorothiazide?
Advertisement. Your doctor is most likely to prescribe hydrochlorothiazide, or HCTZ (Aquazide H, Diaqua, Hydrocot and others) to treat fluid retention. This can happen in people with conditions such as high blood pressure or kidney and heart problems, and those having steroid or hormone therapy.
What is the best supplement for water retention?
Certain dietary supplements may help treat your water retention. To help treat edema, you might take supplements of omega-3 fatty acids like fish oil, magnesium, alpha-lipoic acid or vitamin C, according to the UMMC.