What are the extension headers available in IPv6?
The following IPv6 extension headers are currently defined.
- Routing – Extended routing, like IPv4 loose source route.
- Fragmentation – Fragmentation and reassembly.
- Authentication – Integrity and authentication, security.
- Encapsulation – Confidentiality.
- Hop-by-Hop Option – Special options that require hop-by-hop processing.
What is the purpose of IPv6 header?
IPv6 extension headers contains supplementary information used by network devices (such as routers, switches, and endpoint hosts) to decide how to direct or process an IPv6 packet. The length of each extension header is an integer multiple of 8 octets.
Does IPv6 have variable headers?
The IPv6 header, as Figure B shows, has only 8 fields with a fixed length of 40 octets. The payload length is the variable length of the data the IPv6 packet carries after the IPv6 header, whereas IPv4’s total length is the variable length of the IPv4 header plus the variable length of the data.
What are the main features of IPv6 header format?
The IPv6 header has a fixed header and zero or more optional (extended) headers. All necessary information necessary for the router is stored in a fixed header. The extended header contains optional information to help the router understand how to handle packets/flows.
What field is unique to IPv6 headers?
IPv6 does not include a Header Length field because the IPv6 header is always a fixed length of 40 bytes. Each extension header is either a fixed length or indicates its own length. Replaced by the IPv6 Traffic Class field. Replaced by the IPv6 Payload Length field, which indicates only the size of the payload.
What does a Jumbogram header include?
A “jumbogram” is an IPv6 packet containing a payload larger than 65,535 eight-bit bytes (also known as octets). The regular IPv6 header has a 16-bit Payload Length field and, therefore, supports payloads up to 65,535 octets long.
What are four benefits of IPv6 over IPv4?
Key benefits to IPv6 include:
- No more NAT (Network Address Translation)
- No more private address collisions.
- Better multicast routing.
- Simpler header format.
- Simplified, more efficient routing.
- True quality of service (QoS), also called “flow labeling”
- Built-in authentication and privacy support.
What are three important features of IPv6?
IPv6 – Features
- Larger Address Space. In contrast to IPv4, IPv6 uses 4 times more bits to address a device on the Internet.
- Simplified Header.
- End-to-end Connectivity.
- Faster Forwarding/Routing.
- No Broadcast.
- Anycast Support.
What are the benefits of IPv6?
What is IPv6 hop limit?
Hop Limit – Indicates the maximum number of links over which the IPv6 packet can travel before being discarded. The size of this field is 8 bits. The Hop Limit is similar to the IPv4 TTL field except that there is no historical relation to the amount of time (in seconds) that the packet is queued at the router.
How Jumbograms are used in IPv6?
IPv6 jumbograms An optional feature of IPv6, the jumbo payload option, allows the exchange of packets with payloads of up to one byte less than 4 GiB (232 − 1 = 4,294,967,295 bytes), by making use of a 32-bit length field. The jumbo payload option and the transport-layer modifications are described in RFC 2675.
Which header field is new on IPv6?
IPv6 incorporates in its header two new fields for Quality of Service (QoS). These fields are the Class and Flow Control fields. The Class field replaces IPv4’s Type of Service field, and it lets the originating host or the forwarding router identify the class or priority of the packet.
What is the meaning of streamlined IPv6 header?
Streamlined IPv6 Header The IPv6 header has a new format that is designed to keep header overhead to a minimum. This format is achieved by moving both nonessential fields and option fields to extension headers that are placed after the IPv6 header. The streamlined IPv6 header provides more efficient processing at intermediate routers.
What is the minimum size of the IPv6 packet header?
The IPv6 packet header has a minimum size of 40 octets. Options are implemented as extensions. This provides the opportunity to extend the protocol in the future without affecting the core packet structure.
What is an IPv6 extension header?
IPv6 extension headers contain supplementary information used by network devices (such as routers, switches, and endpoint hosts) to decide how to direct or process an IPv6 packet. The length of each extension header is an integer multiple of 8 octets.