Are Constantinople and Byzantine the same?
Modern historians use the term Byzantine Empire to distinguish the state from the western portion of the Roman Empire. The name refers to Byzantium, an ancient Greek colony and transit point that became the location of the Byzantine Empire’s capital city, Constantinople.
What does byzantine bureaucracy mean?
The Byzantine Empire had a complex system of aristocracy and bureaucracy, which was inherited from the Roman Empire. Beneath the emperor, a multitude of officials and court functionaries operated the complex administrative machinery that was necessary to run the empire.
What is Byzantine characteristics?
Byzantine architects were eclectic, at first drawing heavily on Roman temple features. Their combination of the basilica and symmetrical central-plan (circular or polygonal) religious structures resulted in the characteristic Byzantine Greek-cross-plan church, with a square central mass and four arms of equal length.
What does it mean to call something Byzantine?
There are also several well-preserved Byzantine frescoes. adjective [usu ADJ n] If you describe a system or process as byzantine, you are criticizing it because it seems complicated or secretive. [disapproval] ‘byzantine’
What was the Byzantine religion?
The type of Christianity practiced in Byzantium was called Eastern Orthodox. In the Byzantine Empire, emperors had power over the church, because they selected the patriarch. Even though Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic are both Christian, they had arguments and even battles against each other.
Where was Byzantine art given a new life?
Byzantine art was therefore given new life in the Slavic lands. Hosios Loukas, Greece, early 11th century (photos: Jonathan Khoo, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
What was the focus of the Byzantine period?
The stylistic and thematic interests of the Early Byzantine period continued during the Middle Byzantine period, with a focus on building churches and decorating their interiors. There were some significant changes in the empire, however, that brought about some change in the arts.
Where can you find evidence of Byzantine Iconoclasm?
Iconoclastic activity can be directly observed in the mosaics of the church of the Dormition (or Koimesis) at Nicaea (İznik, Turkey). Although the church does not survive today, photographs from 1912 clearly show seams, or sutures, where parts of the mosaics were removed and replaced during the Byzantine era.
When was the first church in the Byzantine Empire built?
This religious shift dramatically affected the art that was created across the empire. The earliest Christian churches were built during this period, including the famed Hagia Sophia (above), which was built in the sixth century under Emperor Justinian.