When was the first contact between Aboriginal and European?
In 1797 the first Europeans to make contact with the Aboriginal people of south-east Australia were shipwrecked sailors.
How did European contact impact Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples?
The introduction of new diseases by the colonists had a devastating impact on Indigenous communities. The Europeans brought many diseases with them, including bronchitis, measles, scarlet fever, chicken pox, smallpox, and whooping cough. The result was deadly for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.
How did the arrival of Europeans affect indigenous culture?
European colonisation had a devastating impact on Aboriginal communities and cultures. Aboriginal people were subjected to a range of injustices, including mass killings or being displaced from their traditional lands and relocated on missions and reserves in the name of protection.
What happened to the indigenous people when the Europeans arrived?
After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000. Today, urban and many rural aborigines rely on stores.
What did James Cook say about aboriginals?
Author: Anita Heiss. In 1770 Captain James Cook met few Aboriginal people on the Eastern Australian shoreline. Because they did not grow crops and because he assumed there were no inland fishable rivers, he concluded that Australia’s interior was empty.
How was Aboriginal life before European settlement?
Lifestyle Before Colonisation They lived in small communities and survived by hunting and gathering. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island communities only used the land for things that they needed – shelter, water, food, weapons.
How did the Europeans treat indigenous people?
Europeans carried a hidden enemy to the Indians: new diseases. Native peoples of America had no immunity to the diseases that European explorers and colonists brought with them. Diseases such as smallpox, influenza, measles, and even chicken pox proved deadly to American Indians.
Did Cook shoot an aboriginal?
Captain James Cook shot the first Aborigine to resist his arrival at Sydney’s Botany Bay – before the famed British explorer had even set foot on Australian soil. Bestselling author Peter FitzSimons was stunned while researching a biography of Cook to learn the legendary navigator had shot an indigenous warrior.
How to learn about indigenous cultures and contact history?
Timeline Explore the timeline of Indigenous cultures and contact history. Curriculum links Students from years 4–10 can explore and engage with activities aligned to the Australian Curriculum, listed by year and learning area.
How long have the Aborigines been in Australia?
The Aboriginal people are the earliest surviving culture in the history of humankind, having set sustainable ways to manage their society and culture that ensured good health. They have inhabited Australia for no less than 60,000 years.
When was the first contact between the Aboriginals and the British?
The first contact between the Australian Aboriginals with British colonisers took place in1788 which quickly escalated into borderline fighting that lasted for more than 140 years and cultural differences that continue to split modern day Australia. These divides began when Governor Arthur Phillip declared sovereignty on 26th January 1788.
When did the first people arrive in Australia?
These first inhabitants are also known as the First Nations People. By the time Cook arrived in 1770, there were roughly three-quarters of a million Aboriginal Peoples in Australia. This population was divided into 600 distinct language groups spread across the continent.