What is the theory of homophily?

What is the theory of homophily?

Homophily theory predicts that people are more likely to interact with individuals similar to themselves in respect to a variety of qualities and characteristics (McPherson, Smith-Lovin, & Cook, 2001; Monge & Contractor, 2003). Overall, the theory has received widespread support in diverse contexts.

What is homophily and Heterophily?

“Homophily refers to the degree to which pairs of individuals who interact are similar with respect to certain attributes, such as beliefs, values, education, social status etc.” “Heterophily is the degree to which pairs of individuals who interact are different with respect to certain attributes.”

What is meant by Heterophily?

n. 1. any tendency for individuals who differ from one another in some way to make social connections. Complementarity, which occurs when people with different but complementary characteristics form a relationship, is an example of heterophily. …

What two factors cause homophily?


  • Race and ethnicity.
  • Sex and gender.
  • Age.
  • Religion.
  • Education, occupation and social class.
  • Interests.
  • Social media.

What is homophily explain in brief?

Homophily refers to the tendency for people to have (non-negative) ties with people who are similar to themselves in socially significant ways. The term itself (due to Lazarsfeld) specifically refers to an internal preference.

What is homophily bias?

The homophily bias refers to the human tendency to be drawn toward others who are like us in significant ways. It often manifests around major social identity categories like race and gender, among other things.

What does homophily mean in English?

noun. the tendency to form strong social connections with people who share one’s defining characteristics, as age, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, personal beliefs, etc.: political homophily on social media.

How do you calculate homophily?

The EI homophily index is a measure of in- and out-group preference. One simply subtracts the number of out-group ties from the number of in-group ties, divided by the total number of ties.

What is choice homophily?

The theory of choice homophily supposes that people associate disproportionately with similar others because human beings prefer (for rational or irrational reasons) similar others. No psychological preference is required for induced homophily to occur.

What is an example of homophily?

Joanna learns that the homophily bias is pretty ubiquitous among people, and there are many reasons for it. For example: We may be unconsciously biased against or frightened of people who are different from us. We may believe that people who are unlike us are biased against us, whether or not they actually are.

What is homophily example?

Homophily is the tendency in social groups of similar people connected together. Homophily has a significant impact on social media. Example – Birds with feather flock together.

What does homophily mean in sociology?

love of sameness
Learn about this topic in these articles: Homophily, literally “love of sameness,” is a sociological theory that similar individuals will move toward each other and act in a similar manner. Coined in 1954 by social scientists Paul Lazarsfeld and Robert Merton, the idea of homophily has been expanded by evolving media…

What is the difference between homophily and heterophily?

Homophily has been shown as a principle that governs the social patterns of relation- ships or the formation of social groups (Fischer et al. 1977; Feld 1982; McPherson and Smith-Lovin 1987; Popielarz and Mcpherson 1995), whereas heterophily has received far less attention as such a principle.

How does heterophily contribute to the lit-erature?

The article does not focus on primary or small groups of friends, family or tight-knit peer groups, but on larger groups of social categories linked though acquaintance relationships. In so doing, we contribute to the lit- erature on large-scale social networks (e.g. Watts 1999; Newman 2001; Moody and White 2003; Backstrom et al. 2006).

What does heterophily mean in a social network?

Keywords Heterophily · Group formation · Personal networks · Social network analysis 1 Introduction Heterophily is the tendency of people of groups to maintain a higher proportion of rela- tions with members of groups other than their own (Lozares et al. 2014).

Who was the first person to define heterophily?

Most of the early work in heterophily was done in the 1960s by Everett Rogers in his book Diffusion Of Innovations. According to Rogers, “Heterophily, the mirror opposite of homophily, is defined as the degree to which pairs of individuals who interact are different in certain attributes”.