What is the notional functional syllabus?

What is the notional functional syllabus?

A notional-functional syllabus is a set of materials to be learned by students of a second language. While learning to perform communicative activities, students practice language structures that refer to certain situations and ideas (notions).

What do you see as some of the advantages of adopting a functional notional rather than a grammatical approach to syllabus design?

The advantages of the notional syllabus include that it could consider the communicative facts of language from the beginning with concerning of grammatical and situational factors. So it is superior to the grammatical syllabus possibly (Wilkins, 1976).

How important is functional notional approach in teaching language?

In teaching language, the Functional Notional Approach to language helps the teacher to first of all identify the needs of the learner and analyze the needs in order to draw the syllabus. In teaching, the Functional Notional Approach to language helps the teacher to be able to teach the purposes of speech.

What do you see as some of the advantages of adopting a functional notional rather than a grammatical approach to syllabus design and what difficulties may be faced by a syllabus designer to design such syllabus?

They list the following benefits of adopting a functional-notional orientation:

  • It sets realistic learning tasks.
  • It provides for the teaching of everyday, real-world language.
  • It leads us to emphasize receptive (listening/reading) activities before rushing learners into premature performance.

What is notional functional approach?

The notional-functional approach in ESL is a way of structuring a syllabus around “notions,” real-life situations in which people communicate, which are further broken down into “functions,” specific aims of communication.

What is the difference between structural and functional syllabus?

The structural syllabus is defined in formal terms manifesting the language system. The functional syllabus is defined in functional terms realising the language in some common formal use. The structural syllabus has its focus on form, whereas the functional syllabus has its focus on function.

What are advantages and disadvantages of notional functional syllabus?


  • Advantages. provide for the teaching of everyday, real-world language use. act of communication will be motivating. set realistic leaning tasks. develop naturally from existing teaching methodology (eclectic approach)
  • Disadvantages. no clear criteria. not represent the process of communicative.

What is the notional functional approach?

What is functional approach?

The Functional approach is considered to be the second paradigm of psychology. This approach focuses on the function of the mental processes involving consciousness. This approach was developed by William James in 1890. This idea was an alternative approach to Structuralism, which was the first paradigm in psychology.

What is the functional notional curriculum approach?

What is a synthetic syllabus?

A syllabus in which structures of language are to be taught bit by bit as discrete items ‘so that acquisition is a process of gradual accumulation of parts until the whole structure is built up’ (Wilkins, 1976:2) is described as a synthetic syllabus.

What are the three types of syllabus?

The Structural Syllabus. The structural or grammatical syllabus is doubtless the most familiar of syllabus types.

  • The Notional/Functional Syllabus.
  • Situational Syllabi.
  • Skill-Based Syllabi.
  • The Task-Based Syllabus.
  • The Content-Based Syllabus.
  • Which is the best definition of a Notional Functional Syllabus?

    A notional-functional syllabus is an approach where the organization of the material is determined with notions or ideas that learners expect to be able to express through the target language and the functions acts learners expect to be able to accomplish (Wilkins, 1976).

    When did Wilkins write the Notional Functional Syllabus?

    Wilkins (1976) attempted to align the notional-functional syllabus with an analytic approach (exposure to raw language and subsequent induction of forms) as opposed to a synthetic approach (exposure to graded language and gradual accumulation of forms).

    Which is better the situational or Functional Syllabus?

    Furthermore, the functional-notional syllabus is superior to the situational syllabus because it can include both of the most important grammatical forms and all kinds of language functions in it rather than concentrate those exist in specific situations typically (Wilkins, 1976).

    How are Functional Syllabus and communicative approach to learning related?

    In practically, there came to be a strong alliance between the functional view of language represented by the notional-functional syllabus, and a condition-oriented, communicative approach to learning. As Wilkins (1976) points that the meaning must be considered through the study of language in use, language in discourse.