What is sacral decubitus?
Pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores or decubitus ulcers, are skin injuries that develop most commonly on bony areas of the body. A sacral pressure ulcer is one of the most common types of these injuries. The sacral region is the area of the lower back near the spine.
What are the 4 stages of pressure ulcers?
The Four Stages of Pressure Injuries
- Stage 1 Pressure Injury: Non-blanchable erythema of intact skin.
- Stage 2 Pressure Injury: Partial-thickness skin loss with exposed dermis.
- Stage 3 Pressure Injury: Full-thickness skin loss.
- Stage 4 Pressure Injury: Full-thickness skin and tissue loss.
What is a non-Blanchable erythema?
Nonblanchable erythema – discoloration of the skin that does not turn white when pressed – is one clinically important skin abnormality.
What are the six 6 main classifications stages of pressure injuries?
Stage I pressure injury: non-blanchable erythema • Stage II pressure injury: partial thickness skin loss • Stage III pressure injury: full thickness skin loss • Stage IV pressure injury: full thickness tissue loss • Unstageable pressure injury: depth unknown • Suspected deep tissue injury: depth unknown.
How do you treat a sacral decubitus?
Relieve the pressure on the area.
- Use special pillows, foam cushions, booties, or mattress pads to reduce the pressure. Some pads are water- or air-filled to help support and cushion the area.
- Change positions often. If you are in a wheelchair, try to change your position every 15 minutes.
What are the stages of decubitus ulcers?
- Stage 1. The area looks red and feels warm to the touch.
- Stage 2. The area looks more damaged and may have an open sore, scrape, or blister.
- Stage 3. The area has a crater-like appearance due to damage below the skin’s surface.
- Stage 4. The area is severely damaged and a large wound is present.
What stage is a non Blanchable erythema?
Stage 1 pressure injuries are characterized by superficial reddening of the skin (or red, blue or purple hues in darkly pigmented skin) that when pressed does not turn white (non-blanchable erythema). If the cause of the injury is not relieved, these will progress and form proper ulcers.
What is the best treatment for decubitus ulcers?
Treatments for pressure ulcers (sores) include regularly changing your position, using special mattresses to reduce or relieve pressure, and dressings to help heal the ulcer. Surgery may sometimes be needed.