What is meant by endogenous depression?
Endogenous depression occurs without the presence of stress or trauma. In other words, it has no apparent outside cause. Instead, it may be primarily caused by genetic and biological factors. This is why endogenous depression might also be referred to as “biologically based” depression.
Which neurotransmitter is high in depression?
The three neurotransmitters implicated in depression are: Dopamine. Norepinephrine. Serotonin.
What happens to the brain during depression?
There’s growing evidence that several parts of the brain shrink in people with depression. Specifically, these areas lose gray matter volume (GMV). That’s tissue with a lot of brain cells. GMV loss seems to be higher in people who have regular or ongoing depression with serious symptoms.
What is wrong with a depressed brain?
Hypoxia. Hypoxia, or reduced oxygen, has also been linked with depression. The result of the brain not getting adequate amounts of oxygen can include inflammation and injury to and death of brain cells. In turn, these changes in the brain impact learning, memory, and mood.
Which is an example of an exogenous trigger for depression?
Exogenous (or reactive) depression is triggered by an outside stressor such as the loss of a loved one, getting divorced, or losing your job. 2 People who experience or witness a traumatic event may develop depression as a direct result of that exposure.
What does it mean to have reactive depression?
Reactive depression or situational depression can be defined as a short-term stress-related depression. This type of depression appears after the person faces an event or a series of traumatic events. This depression is part of adaptation disorders. The person has trouble adapting to the event, causing depression.
How to tell if you have endogenous depression?
Endogenous Depression Symptoms of endogenous depression include feelings of sadness, worthlessness, guilt, and an inability to enjoy normally pleasurable things. 3 You may also notice changes in your appetite, sleep patterns, and energy levels.
Is there a DSM 5 for reactive depression?
There are no specific criteria for reactive depression in DSM 5 but the symptoms of depression and adaptive disorders are taken as a reference, taking into account the causes for which a person develops reactive depression. Can I take medication on my own if I have any type of depression?