What is Galungan in Bali?
Galungan is a Balinese holiday celebrating the victory of dharma over adharma. It marks the time when the ancestral spirits visit the Earth. The last day of the celebration is Kuningan, when they return. The date is calculated according to the 210-day Balinese Pawukon calendar.
How often is galungan?
every 210 days
Galungang – every 210 days Celebrated by Balinese Hindus, Galungan is commemorated every 210 days and lasts for 10 days.
What is a Penjor Bali?
A ubiquitous cultural attribute you’d mostly see during Galungan is that tall, curved pole of bamboo adorned with decorations in front of virtually every building in Bali. That’s called a penjor, and it is a symbol of the bounty of the earth and a thankful expression for all that is good from Nature.
How did Bali become Hindu?
About 1400 CE, the kingdoms on the Indonesian islands were attacked from coast-based Muslim armies. Hindus of western Java moved east and then to the island of Bali and the neighboring small islands, thus starting Balinese Hinduism.
What is the main religion in Bali?
Hindus account for less than 2 percent of all Indonesians, although Hinduism is the dominant religion on Bali and has many adherents in Lombok. Local religions are practiced in some remote areas.
What is difference between dharma and adharma?
Dharma is what should be done, and adharma is what should not be done. Each of us has what is called svadharma- that is what we should do. Parents, for instance, must look after their children and provide for their needs.
What is the purpose of erect the iconic Penjor bamboo poles?
Why are Penjor made? Penjor are erected to symbolize the dominance of good (dharma) over evil (adharma) as well as to offer thanks to the gods.
Are Bali people Hindu?
The island of Bali is an exception where about 87% of its people identify as Hindu (about 1.7% of the total Indonesian population). Balinese Hinduism has been formally recognized by the Indonesian government as one of the official religions practised in Bali.