What are some surgical site infections?

What are some surgical site infections?

Causes and risk factors of surgical site infections Infections after surgery are caused by germs. The most common of these include the bacteria Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Pseudomonas.

What is the most common surgical site infection?

The most common microorganisms causing surgical site infection are Staphylococcus aureus (20 percent), Coagulase negative staphylococcus (14 percent) and enterococcus (12 percent).

How common is surgical site infection?

SSIs occur in 2% to 4% of all patients undergoing inpatient surgical procedures. Although most infections are treatable with antibiotics, SSIs remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after surgery.

How do you prevent surgical site infections?

Many hospitals take these steps to help prevent surgical site infections:

  1. Handwashing.
  2. Clean skin.
  3. Sterile clothing and drapes.
  4. Clean air.
  5. Careful use of antibiotics.
  6. Controlled blood sugar levels.
  7. Controlled body temperature.
  8. Proper hair removal.

What antibiotic is used for surgical wound infection?

The most commonly administered drug is cefazolin (Ancef, Kefzol). For procedures of the alimentary tract, genitourinary tract and hepatobiliary system, coverage should be additionally influenced by site-specific flora, such as gram-negative and anaerobic microorganisms.

How long does a surgical site infection take to heal?

It may take days, weeks, or even months for the wound to be clean, clear of infection, and finally heal. If the wound does not close by itself, you may need a skin graft or muscle flap surgery to close the wound.

How do you treat surgical site infections?

Most surgical site infections can be treated with antibiotics. The antibiotic given to you depends on the bacteria (germs) causing the infection. Sometimes patients with SSIs also need another surgery to treat the infection.